With the development of Internet of Things technology, sensors and wireless transmission technology are widely used in smart agriculture. Smart agriculture is based on traditional agriculture, equipped with advanced facilities and a complete monitoring system. The wireless transmission system based on Lora technology can improve agricultural production efficiency and reduce environmental pollution, thereby maximizing cost savings for agricultural producers or enterprises. In this article, we will introduce you the lora sensors commonly used in smart agriculture and the complete lora agricultural irrigation system in detail.
What is a LoRa sensors?
LoRa sensors use LoRa technology to measure various environmental factors. Different from traditional sensors, LoRa sensors send the measured data to the LoRa gateway through the LoraWan/LinkWan protocol, and finally to the server. There are many types of LoRa sensors, including Lora light sensor, Lora temperature sensor, Lora water leak sensor, Lora PIR sensor, Lora soil moisture sensor, Lora co2 sensor, Lora level sensor, Lora noise sensor, etc. LoRa sensors have a wide range of applications and can be widely used in gas stations, smart buildings, greenhouse control, weather stations, industrial motors, thermal power plants, hot water boilers, public toilets and other environmental applications.
Smart irrigation system based LoRa
The growth of crops requires water irrigation. Too much or too little irrigation will affect their growth, and too much irrigation will cause a great waste of water resources. The smart agricultural irrigation system based LoRa installs sensors such as light, carbon dioxide, soil temperature and humidity, liquid level, and Lora gateways in the farmland, collects environmental data of crops, and uploads them to the visualization platform. Real-time monitoring and analysis of the environmental conditions of crop growth, so as to make intelligent decisions and improve crop yields.
In order to manage agricultural water efficiently and scientifically, Renke installed a LoRa-based solenoid valve controller on the water valve. When the Lora sensors detect that the soil moisture is insufficient, the platform will give an alarm and trigger the opening of the water valve switch to irrigate the crops. When the water is sufficient, the water valve is triggered to close and the irrigation is stopped. Through Lora wireless smart irrigation, water waste can be effectively controlled, labor costs can be reduced, and crop irrigation efficiency can be significantly improved.
The composition of Lora smart irrigation system
The smart agricultural wireless irrigation system is based on the ultra-long-distance, low-power LoRa wireless transmission technology of spread spectrum communication. Real-time monitoring of temperature, humidity, illuminance, soil temperature, soil moisture and other factors in agricultural production, analysis and processing of sensor data information. The system consists of LoRa gateway, Lora sensors (weather sensor + soil sensor), irrigation valve, and cloud platform. Below we introduce the various Lora sensors in detail:
The LoRa temperature and humidity sensor is a low-power LORA temperature and humidity measuring point. Using the company’s unique LORA wireless communication protocol, the transmission signals will not interfere with each other during multi-point measurement. Compared with traditional wireless devices, those Lora sensors has a long transmission distance and strong penetration, so the measurement results are more accurate. The battery of the Lora temperature and humidity sensor is replaceable (universal 3.6V lithium sub-battery) and lasts for two years. The shell adopts IP65 protection grade, which can meet outdoor use.
2. Lora light sensor
Light is the most important condition in many environments that affect the growth of crops. The growth of crops requires photosynthesis, and light is the basis for plants to perform photosynthesis. In order to promote agricultural production, we need to provide sufficient light for crops. With the help of the lora light sensor, the intensity of the light can be monitored in real time, and the plants can be supplemented with light or shaded in time.
The lora light sensor can measure the light intensity of the current environment, and measure the data for long-distance communication. The housing of these Lora sensors is waterproof and sealed, suitable for outdoor and relatively humid environments. Real-time and stable monitoring of on-site environmental changes, providing data support for agricultural researchers and ensuring the environmental stability of the production site. Support remote wireless gateway configuration, with good stability and reliability.
Moisture plays a vital role in the life process of both animals and plants. Soil moisture is an important part of soil and plays a very important role in crop growth and water-saving irrigation. Monitoring soil moisture is a prerequisite for automatic irrigation. Using soil moisture sensors to monitor soil water shortage and replenish water in time can promote the development of smart agriculture.
The Lora soil moisture sensor is a low-power LORA measuring point. The probe of the soil sensor is made of specially treated stainless steel, which is less affected by soil salinity. Moisture changes of various soil types can be measured. The probe is completely waterproof and can be buried in the soil for a long time, with corrosion resistance and long service life.
4. Lora gateway
Lora gateway, also known as Lora base station, is a gateway device that uses Lora wireless technology to realize long-distance data transmission. It can collect the measurement values of all Lora sensors and upload the data to the monitoring platform. The Lora gateway is a bridge linking the measurement end and the control end.
The Lora gateway uses a metal sheet metal casing with its own shielding and anti-interference functions. On-site operation is more stable. The Lora gateway can collect data from 32 Lora sensors, with data transmission up to 3 kilometers. Multi-channel communication. While increasing the penetration, there is also encryption technology to ensure that it is not monitored and controlled, and to prevent wrong operations. DC 10~30V wide voltage power supply, the site can be powered by a power adapter or a solar power supply system. The data can be uploaded to our cloud platform, which has the function of remote upgrade, and can be customized and upgraded remotely on-site.
5. Lora valve controller
The Lora valve controller is a device that controls the opening and closing of the water inlet. To achieve remote automatic control in smart agriculture, the valve controller must be used to achieve automatic control.
Renke Lora valve controller, which controls the opening and closing of irrigation valves through pulse signals. There is no need for a continuous output signal when irrigating. The valve is connected with Lora valve controller and Lora gateway to realize platform-based remote manual switch, valve timing switch, and automatic control of associated acquisition equipment. In this way, intelligent linkage and precise irrigation can be realized.
Why choose Lora?
FAQs about Lora
LoRa is a low-power local area network wireless standard developed by semtech. Its name “LoRa” is Long Range Radio. Its biggest feature is that it can travel farther than other wireless methods under the same power consumption conditions, it is 3-5 times larger than the traditional wireless radio communication distance under the same power consumption.
The LoRa gateway is located at the core of the LoRa network, is an information bridge between the terminal and the server, and is a multi-channel receiver.
Sometimes people think that LoRa and LoRaWAN mean the same thing, but they are actually different.
Lora is a method for sending radio signals that encode information using a chirped, multi-symbol format. It is a proprietary system made by chipmaker Semtech, whose LoRa IP is also licensed to other chipmakers. Essentially, these chips are standard ISM band radio chips that can use LoRa (or other modulation types like FSK) to convert radio frequencies into bits without having to write code to implement a radio system. Lora is a lower-level physical layer technology that can be used for a variety of applications beyond a wide area.
LoRaWAN is a point-to-multipoint networking protocol that uses Semtech’s LoRa modulation scheme. It’s not just about radio waves, it’s about how radio waves communicate with the LoRaWAN gateway to perform things like encryption and identification. It also includes a cloud component to which multiple gateways connect. Due to its local nature, LoRaWAN is rarely used in industrial (private network) applications.
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