In mushroom cultivation, the temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide concentration in the environment monitoring are the three main factors affecting the production of mushrooms. Mushrooms are divided into three growth stages: germ growth, soil covering, and fruiting. The environmental conditions required for mushrooms in different growth stages are different. In recent years, in order to realize the scientific, standardized, and data-based management of mushroom cultivation and create a suitable growth environment for mushroom growth, growers have applied sensors and Internet of Things technology to mushroom management and cultivation.
We install the temperature and humidity sensor RS-WS-N01-2-2 and the carbon dioxide sensor RS-CO2-N01-2 in the mushroom room to realize real-time monitoring of the temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide concentration in the mushroom room And collect the data, and then send the data to the environmental monitoring host through the RS485 bus, and then the host uploads the data to the monitoring platform www.0531yun.cn through the communication method of Ethernet, WIFI or GPRS/4G. The grower can use the computer page, WeChat official account, mobile phone APP, or tablet computer web terminal can realize remote monitoring of the mushroom room.
Temperature and humidity sensors and carbon dioxide sensors are used as monitoring terminals. We use a multi-point arrangement to wall-mount them in the mushroom room, and set all parameters through the cloud platform, including the upper and lower limit alarm parameters; the temperature and humidity transmitter is a built-in Imported high-precision temperature sensor, the circuit adopts American imported industrial-grade microprocessor chip, and the carbon dioxide transmitter adopts new infrared verification technology to measure CO2 concentration, with high accuracy and low drift. They can actively monitor the mushroom room in real-time for 24 hours. The temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide concentration.
The environmental monitoring host RS-XZJ-100-Y is connected to all standard Modbus protocol temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide sensors installed in the mushroom room through the RS485 interface, and receives the data uploaded by all monitoring terminals and display it on the LCD screen in turn, And upload the data to the cloud platform. At the same time, the host also has the function of storing data and resuming transmission, which can ensure the integrity of all data within the use time.
The monitoring platform Renke cloud platform supports online remote monitoring and real-time data display, as well as the function of data storage. In the monitoring system, growers can print or export the historical data of the best period of edible fungus production and quality in later stages, and manually control the most suitable growth environment to advance or delay the time to market for edible fungi.
If the temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide concentration exceed the limit during the growth of the fungus, the system will automatically trigger the alarm function, and send the over-limit information to the managers added on the platform by SMS, phone, or email, and can remotely send a linkage command to the M88 industrial control module, and use it to turn on equipment such as fans, heaters, and fill lights.
For the main environmental factors that affect the growth of fungi, the mushroom room environmental monitoring and control system can perform real-time and accurate monitoring. Managers can use mobile phones or computers to log in to the cloud platform to remotely monitor the environmental conditions of fungi growth and deal with unreasonable environmental factors. Perform remote control adjustments to ensure that the fungus always grows in an optimal environment, ensuring high quality and high yield of mushrooms.