When used in different fields, weather stations are equipped with different sensors. For example, when used in agriculture, they need to be equipped with various soil sensors to monitor soil moisture; in the tourism industry, add negative oxygen ion detector to the conventional meteorological element monitoring to monitor negative Oxygen ion concentration, therefore, according to its function, we can also call it agricultural weather station, scenic spot automatic weather station, etc. In addition, we will call the weather station used for campus meteorological education, called the campus automatic weather station; the weather station used for hydrological and water level monitoring called the automatic water level monitoring station, as well as meteorological rainfall stations, rainwater regime monitoring stations, and more Element weather station and so on.
The weather station is complex and diverse, and the weather station instruments in different fields is slightly different. They are configured according to the monitoring points to achieve the final monitoring data and ensure the accuracy of the data. Today, the editor summarizes the common weather station equipment.
Meteorological monitoring station
The monitoring equipment commonly used in weather stations mainly includes temperature and humidity sensors, rain gauges, wind speed sensors, wind direction sensors, weather shutters, solar radiation sensors, ultraviolet sensors, rain and snow sensors.
This meteorological monitoring station mainly monitors air temperature, air humidity, wind direction and wind speed, precipitation, atmospheric pressure, ground temperature, solar radiation, gas, negative oxygen ions, evaporation, ultraviolet rays, and other elements. The business processing of data is fully in line with the meteorological business of China Meteorological Administration Observation requirements are the standard equipment for surface meteorological observation of basic weather stations and general weather stations of China Meteorological Administration.
Rainfall monitoring station
Rainfall monitoring generally uses rain gauges and tipping bucket rain gauges. The ability to monitor rainfall changes in time can provide accurate, true, and timely data references for flood prevention and disaster prevention. It has the advantages of accurate time, automatic data recording, and convenient data collection, compilation, and processing. It can effectively improve the automation of precipitation phenomenon observation, reduce the workload of observers, and provide more valuable meteorological information for meteorological monitoring and services.
Soil monitoring station
Soil monitoring equipment includes soil temperature and moisture sensors, soil conductivity sensors, soil pH sensors, and soil npk sensors. They are mainly used to monitor the soil environment of crops and provide high-quality soil environment monitoring data for agricultural monitoring and services. It is suitable for the main soil types in my country’s climatic regions, with easy installation, stable performance, high reliability, and extremely convenient maintenance and verification. Obtaining representative, accurate, and comparable continuous observation data can reduce the labor of manual observation.